Painkiller detoxification refers to treatment process to stop an individual who has been an addict to painkiller from taking the drug. Essentially, drug detoxification takes place in three different stages, these include evaluation stage, stabilization stage and guiding a patient into treatment. In the evaluation stage, the patient is first tested to see the specific substances that are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount; also the doctor assess the patient to look for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues. The next step is stabilization which can be performed using a medicine or not. In the last stage, the patient is guided through the treatment process.
Painkiller are mostly used by people when they are in pain to lower the pain as they wait to receive proper treatment. The painkiller have the ability to lower pains due to their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain that results in a down-modification of the sensations of pain. Study shows that the use of painkillers has increased over the last decade, and the number is continuing to increase. It is recommended for people who are addicted to painkillers to seek immediate treatment options. However, it is essential to note that managing opioid withdrawal can be a difficult process since the symptoms may have the potential to be overwhelmingly uncomfortable and can trigger a relapse. Painkiller addicts may feel the need of using the drug whenever they need to perform any task. When physical dependency on opioid painkillers has set in, a withdrawal syndrome is frequently experienced when the use of the drugs stops. However, the harshness of withdrawal symptoms will depend on the person, as well as the frequency and severity of abuse.
The signs and symptoms of painkiller withdrawal syndrome manifest in two main stages, these include the early stage and the late onset stage. Some of the early withdrawal symptoms include, insomnia, yawning, muscle aches, agitation, anxiety, and sweating. Some of the late signs of painkiller withdrawal include, vomiting, nausea, dilated pupils, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.
Medics do recommend the use of the following medicines in the painkiller detoxification process, these include Naloxone, Naltrexone , Buprenorphine , and Methadone. Methadone for instance is administered through injection or orally, it is vital since it activates the brain’s opioid receptors, on the other hand buprenorphine only partially activates the brain’s opioid receptors and it is as well taken orally or sublingually.
Behavioral therapy is an alternative form of therapy which is issued in three main forms including individual therapy, family therapy, and group therapy. The choice of the type of treatment to use in the detoxification process depends on the patient preference, the treatment center type as well as the treatment center philosophy.